If you don’t have time to review more detailed information, check out these quick reminders of winter-safe behavior:
- Dress to suit the weather - Thin layers of loose-fitting clothes will trap body heat and aid air circulation. Outer clothing should be hooded, tightly woven, and water-repellent. Mittens are warmer than gloves. Wear a hat—most body heat is lost through the head.
- Check the weather forecast before going outdoors or traveling - Pay particular attention to windchill, which can create dangerously cold conditions. Monitor the National Weather Service forecasts, statements, watches, and warnings for the latest information on a developing winter storm.
- Pace your outdoor activity - Avoid strenuous activity in extremely cold temperatures. Your heart must work harder to pump blood through constricted vessels in arms and legs.
- Watch for signs of hypothermia and frostbite - especially in the very young and the elderly. Symptoms of hypothermia are shivering, confusion, and loss of muscular control. Frostbite causes loss of feeling and a white or pale appearance in extremities such as fingers, toes, tip of nose, and ear lobes. If you see these symptoms, get medical attention immediately.
- Winterize your home and vehicle before the cold weather arrives - Prepare an emergency kit for your home and one for your vehicle, and make sure your home heating system is in good working order. If possible, re-insulate your home to avoid cold air leaks and reduce heating costs.